Menstruation is vaginal bleeding that a woman has more or less regularly (on average every 28 days), which is why it is also called a period, a menstrual period, or simply a period.
The first menstruation time, which usually occurs around the age of 12, supposes the sexual maturity of the woman; while its loss (menopause), which occurs around the age of 50, marks the end of the fertile period. That is called the menstruation age.
Why do we call it “Menstruation”?
Do you want to know menstruation meaning? We call is as “Menstruation” because a girl’s or women’s first menstruation period is called “Menarche” in the Greek language that splits into two words as “Men” that means “Month” and “Arche” that means “Beginning”.
It is considered that the menstrual cycle begins on the first day of menstruation and extends until the appearance of the same the following month.
The vaginal bleeding that characterizes menstruation is called menstruation flow and is due to the shedding of endometrial tissue. The endometrium thickens in each menstruation cycle in order to house the embryo when the ovum is fertilized. This tissue resembles a sponge and contains a large amount of blood.
When there is no fertilization or the fertilized egg fails to adhere to the wall of the uterus, the thickened endometrium sloughs off and the remains of tissue are expelled through the vagina together with the blood. That is generated by the rupture of small blood vessels during the process.
The amount of blood that is lost in normal menstruation is usually less than 80 cc. Menstrual blood does not clot due to the action of a substance called plasmin and prostacyclins, which act mainly by preventing the formation and aggregation of platelets typical of the blood clotting process.
Variations of the menstrual cycle:
Many women suffer or have suffered some form of alteration in the menstruation cycle. This menstruation disorder can manifest with abundant or scant blood flow, late or early menstruation period, and small breakthrough losses. In turn, the variations of the menstrual cycle can be grouped into two large groups:
Those that affect the intervals between menstruations. They are frequency or rhythm disturbances. They include the absence of menstrual bleeding (for more than six months), lengthening of the menstrual cycle (beyond 45 days on average), and shortening (less than 21 days).
Variations in the intensity of bleeding. They involve heavy bleeding with clots in the menstrual flow. They can be scant bleeding (two days of little flow or spotting), menstruation that lasts more days than is considered normal (more than a week), or bleeding between menstruations whose duration can be variable (one or several days).
What to do?
With this in mind, it is advisable to consult the doctor who will determine the origin of the alteration and if it is necessary to correct it. Although it is true that, at the extremes of reproductive life (when we just start menstruating and menopause) some of these variations can be considered normal.
It is the doctor who has to establish whether this alteration requires expectant management or correction, through questioning and physical examination.
You will start the diagnostic process and use the appropriate follow-up studies to confirm it. According to the diagnosis, the appropriate treatment will be considered. The professional will take into account several factors, including whether or not there is a desire for pregnancy.
In many of these cases, hormonal factors play a role in menstrual disturbances. But, you can positively influence the menstruation cycle with a series of hygienic-dietary measures. Such as: avoiding stress (through relaxation techniques), leading a healthy life with a balanced diet, avoiding tobacco use, getting enough sleep, and exercising regularly for proper menstruation regulation.
If you are in your menstruation age, we recommend using LAIQA sanitary pads. That is made from the highest quality and absorbent materials which is so good for her good for earth.
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