Having a late period can be very distressing, especially if a woman is used to having regular periods or is concerned about an unexpected pregnancy. However, there are many other reasons why a woman might have a late period, ranging from birth control to stress.
Let’s look at some possible reasons for a late period.
1) Low Body Weight:
Women with eating disorders like ANOREXIA NERVOSA or BULIMIA may experience missed periods. Significant weight loss or intense exercise can cause a woman to miss her period. Being underweight or having a low body-fat ratio can alter reproductive hormone levels, lowering them to levels where ovulation and menstruation do not occur. Getting treatment for your eating disorders and maintaining a healthy body weight can help in getting your cycle back to normal.
Just as low body weight can cause hormonal changes, so can being overweight. Obesity and missed periods can sometimes signal that a woman has a medical condition, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), so it is important for a woman to be correctly diagnosed by a doctor. It’s important to maintain a balanced diet & include some form of physical activity in your daily routine for a healthy menstrual cycle.
3) Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):
PCOS is one of the most common hormonal disorders. It is a condition that causes your body to produce more of the male hormone- androgen. As a result of this hormonal imbalance, cysts are formed on the ovaries. This leads to irregular ovulation. Though the symptoms vary between individual women, those who have PCOS tend to have abnormal hormone levels, which can cause small cysts to develop on the ovaries, acne, excess facial and body hair, male-pattern baldness, and obesity.
4) Birth Control:
You may experience a change in your cycle when you go on or off birth control. Birth control pills contain the hormones estrogen & progestin, which prevent your ovaries from releasing eggs. Sometimes, these hormones keep the lining of the uterus so thin that there is not enough of the lining to cause a period. This applies to all forms of hormonal birth control, including pills, patches, shots, implants, and rings.
5) Chronic Diseases:
Chronic diseases such as diabetes or Celiac Disease can affect your menstrual cycle. Changes in blood sugar are linked to hormonal changes. Therefore, poorly controlled diabetes can also cause irregular periods. Celiac disease causes inflammation that can lead to damage in your small intestine, which may prevent your body from absorbing key nutrients. This can cause late or missed periods.
Stress can throw off your hormones, change your daily routine, and even affect the part of your brain responsible for regulating your period — your hypothalamus. Over time, stress can lead to illness or sudden weight gain or loss, all of which can impact your cycle. If you think stress might be throwing off your period, try practicing relaxation techniques and making lifestyle changes. Adding more exercise to your regimen may help get you back on track.
7) Thyroid Issues:
An overactive or underactive thyroid gland could also be the cause of late or missed periods. The thyroid regulates your body’s metabolism, so hormone levels can be affected as well. Thyroid issues can usually be treated with medication. After treatment, your period will likely return to normal.
8) Early Peri-Menopause:
Most women begin menopause between ages 45 to 55. Women who develop symptoms around age 40 or earlier are considered to have early peri-menopause. This means your egg supply is winding down, and the result will be missed periods and eventually the end of menstruation.