Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, commonly known as PCOS is a health condition that affects 10 million women in the world. Genetics, as well as environmental factors, are believed to be involved in the development of PCOS. It is one of the leading causes of infertility amongst women and is responsible for a number of symptoms that can affect the body physically as well as emotionally. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels.
Women with PCOS produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. This hormone imbalance causes them to skip menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant.
PCOS also causes hair growth on the face and body, and baldness. And it can contribute to long-term health problems like diabetes and heart diseases.
Symptoms of PCOS
1. Mood changes
4. Insulin Resistance
5. High Testosterone Level
6. Male pattern baldness thinning hair
7. Irregular or Missed periods
8. Low Sex Drive
9. Ovarian Cysts
10. Weight changes and trouble losing weight
11. Excessive body hair growth
12. Trouble conceiving or Infertility
Causes of PCOS
The exact causes of PCOS are unknown. However, including genetic factors may play a role.
1. High levels of Androgen: Androgens, also called ‘male hormones’ present in small amounts in all women) control the development of male traits. Women with PCOS have more androgen than normal, which prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg (ovulation) during each menstrual cycle, further causing excess hair growth and acne.
2. High levels of Insulin: Insulin is a hormone that controls how the food you eat is changed into energy. Insulin resistance is when the body’s cells do not respond normally to insulin. As a result, your insulin blood levels become higher than normal. Women with PCOS have insulin resistance, especially those who are overweight or obese, have unhealthy eating habits, do not get enough physical activity and have a family history of diabetes.