Uterine fibroids are also called fibroma or uterine leiomyoma. It is a kind of benign tumor formed from the myometrium, a muscle of the uterus. It is a cluster of cells that has the ability to develop into or out of the organ and can also change its shape.
Although it is a tumor, it rarely turns into cancer. It appears at the woman's fertile age, having no record of occurrences before the first menstruation period or after menopause. It usually appears between 40 and 50 years and may go unnoticed by some, who do not report any symptoms.
In this article, we have separated the main information so that you better understand what a uterine fibroid is, symptoms, treatment, and which doctor to consult in this situation.
What is a uterine fibroid?
Formed from the mutation of a cell, this tumor can be of various types and vary widely in size. Although in the vast majority of cases, it is not a factor of great concern, it is important to have a doctor monitor, as he will determine how to proceed in each specific case.
What are the symptoms?
The manifestation of fibroids varies according to a number of factors, such as location, size, etc. For this reason, it is possible that some women do not show symptoms, which further reinforces the need for regular consultations. On the other hand, there are cases where the signs appear and you need to be aware. Check out some of the most common symptoms below.
Alteration of the menstrual cycle:
A uterine fibroid can cause changes in the menstruation cycle, which is noticed especially by women with regular menstruation or heavy periods. The tendency is for the period to become longer - with 7 or more days - or more abundant.
Focuses of atypical irregular bleeding, both outside and inside the cycle, also tend to happen. Sometimes, this blood has clotted. If you are suffering from heavy flow, we recommend using LAIQA sanitary pads.
Depending on the type and location of the fibroid, the patient faces difficulties to conceive, since the tumor can make it difficult to fix the embryo in the uterus or even fertilize the egg by the sperm.
Cramps and pains:
Cramps are another consequence of uterine fibroids. In addition, due to pressure on the other organs, pelvic or back pain can also occur. In the case of parturition fibroids, the sensation is similar to the pain of childbirth.
Pain during intercourse:
Feeling pain during penetration is a sign of myoma, especially in parturition. This is because the impact of the penis with the cervix causes reflexes, which can be extremely painful.
Urinary and intestinal symptoms:
When the fibroid presses on the bladder, the urge to go to the bathroom becomes more frequent or, even, there is the possibility of difficulty in emptying the organ. As for intestinal symptoms, the pressure caused by the fibroid in this organ can even cause constipation.
If the fibroid is large, it can distort or enlarge the size of the uterus, which consequently causes abdominal swelling and gives the appearance of an enlarged abdomen.
What is the treatment?
The treatment of uterine fibroids depends, basically, on the severity of the symptoms presented. If they are light and cause a little discomfort, or if they are even absent, it is possible to only follow the gynecologist. In cases where the symptoms of the fibroid affect the woman's life, it is necessary to control them. This is usually done with medications, such as birth control and anti-inflammatory pills, to relieve pain.
In addition, vitamin supplements may also be prescribed to restore a woman's nutritional status, as bleeding from the fibroid causes loss of vitamins and minerals, especially iron.
For menstruation hygiene, we recommend using LAIQA sanitary napkin - good for her good for earth. It will give you a peach of mind!