IUD stands for Intrauterine Device, a birth control device, shaped like a T that sits inside a woman's uterus. The IUD releases a tiny amount of the hormone progestin, into your body, over several years, that help prevents pregnancy by keeping sperm cells away from the egg. This is done in two ways:
1. Hormonal IUDs make the mucus on the cervix thicker, blocking the sperm from reaching the egg.
2. The hormones in IUD can also stop eggs from leaving the ovaries, which means there is no egg for a sperm to fertilize.
What are the benefits of the hormonal IUD?
There are a lot of contraceptive methods that can help curb birth control, with birth control they also help in curbing your periods. In the write up below we shall explore and explain both the function of contraceptive methods and how each one of them functions differently.
IUDs also help with period problems. They can cut down on cramps and make your period lighter. Hormonal IUDs can also help treat the symptoms of Endometriosis and PCOS. They are convenient- once the IUD is in place, you don’t have to think about birth control for several years. IUDs are more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
If you plan to get pregnant, you can get the IUD removed anytime you want.
What are the side effects of a hormonal IUD?
The side effects usually get settled in 3-6 months, once your body is used to the device sitting in your uterus.
The side-effects include:
1. Pain when the IUD is placed, and cramping or backache for the few days after
2. Spotting between periods
3. Irregular periods
Even though IUDs are one of the most effective and convenient methods of birth control, they do not protect you from sexually transmitted infections. It is advised to use protection with the IUD, every time you have sex, in order to lower your chances of getting or spreading STDs.