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Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS)!

premenstrual syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome is a condition that defines the phase of Period when a woman is emotionally not balanced and may react to things in a manner that you are not used to. Emotions and physical conditions of a woman change over time, this is due to the hormonal changes that the body is experiencing getting ready for the time of its period. To be more specific, just before getting a period - PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome) is a very common condition among women and most women today have come to terms with it and are fighting it through the use of medicines and other natural ways, almost all women experience it at different scales depending on what impact the periods are having on your hormones. There are more than 80% of women are affected with the symptoms of PMS. The symptoms start 6 to 12 days before a period and typically tend to go away once the period has initiated. The cause of PMS is unknown, we all have our myths, notions and theories but nothing has been proved as of now. Researchers believe that it’s because of a change in both sex hormone and serotonin levels at the start of the menstrual cycle. Levels of estrogen and progesterone increase during certain times of the month leading to an imbalance that results in PMS. An increase in these hormones can cause mood swings, anxiety and irritability. Serotonin levels affect mood. Serotonin is a chemical in your brain and gut that affects your moods, emotions, and thoughts.

Symptoms of PMS

A woman’s menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days. Ovulation, the period when an egg is released from the ovaries, occurs on day 14 of the cycle. Menstruation, or bleeding, occurs on day 28 of the cycle. PMS symptoms can begin around day 14 and last until seven days after the start of menstruation. PMS is for many just a form of pain, atleast men think that way without realising it is a vast array of things that are coming together to culminate in the form of pain. There are many other symptoms that have been mentioned below.

PMS symptoms

The symptoms of PMS include:

  • Abdominal bloating

  • Abdominal pain

  • Sore breasts

  • Acne 

  • food cravings, especially for sweets

  • Constipation 

  • Diarrhea 

  • Headaches 

  • sensitivity to light or sound

  • fatigue

  • irritability

  • changes in sleep patterns

  • anxiety

  • depression

  • sadness

  • emotional outbursts


When to see your doctor

See your doctor if physical pain, mood swings, and other symptoms start to affect your daily life, or if your symptoms don’t go away or :

  • Anemia 

  • Endometriosis 

  • Thyroid 

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

  • Chronic fatigue syndrome

  • Connective tissue or rheumatologic diseases

Easing the symptoms of PMS

You can’t cure PMS, but you can take steps to ease your symptoms. If you have a mild or moderate form of premenstrual syndrome, the treatment options include:

  • Drinking plenty of fluids to ease abdominal bloating

  • Eating a balanced diet to improve your overall health and energy level, which means eating plenty of fruits and vegetables and reducing your intake of sugar, salt, caffeine, and alcohol

  • Taking supplements, such as folic acid, vitamin B-6, calcium, and magnesium to reduce cramps and mood swings

  • Taking vitamin D to reduce symptoms

  • Sleeping at least eight hours per night to reduce fatigue

  • Exercising to decrease bloating and improve your mental health

  • Reducing stress, such as through exercising and reading


You can take pain medication, such as ibuprofen or aspirin, to alleviate muscle aches, headaches, and stomach cramping. You can also try a diuretic to stop bloating and water weight gain. Take medications and supplements only as directed by and after speaking with your doctor.

Comments (3)

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  • Maneesha on June 17, 2020

    Instead of taking medicine, one should opt for yoga

  • Veena on June 17, 2020

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