Feminism is a social and political movement that began formally at the end of the 18th century. That involves the awareness of women as a human group or collective of the oppression, domination, and exploitation that have been and are the object of the group of men.
If you have no more idea about it, you should know these 5 things about Feminism:
1. Definition of feminism:
What exactly does feminism mean? First of all, you should know that there is not one feminism. There are many different movements and theories that stand up for different topics and sometimes even contradict each other.
Nevertheless, there is a core that probably connects all feminisms. Feminism campaigns for equality for all people, against sexism and against discrimination against women.
Feminists criticize that even today, most of the power is in the hands of men. This includes access to money and power over people. But it's also about who is listened to, who is considered competent, or who appears in history books. Many important women and non-binary people in history are simply never reported or their importance is downplayed.
The goal of feminism is not to bring women to power instead of men. It is about fair distribution and more self-determination for everyone.
2. What does intersectional feminism mean?
Intersectional feminism tries to think of different forms of discrimination and to consider as many different perspectives as possible. Why is that important? When it comes to feminism, many people think of the right to vote for women, or the changed sexual criminal law, or the right to abortion.
These are important points that feminists have been fighting for a long time. But there are other feminist topics that don't get as much attention.
They often do not affect white women from the middle class, but rather poor, black, disabled, and queer women, inter, and trans people.
For example, asylum seekers, poor and disabled women often fight for the right to have children and to receive good medical care during pregnancy. Intersectional feminism tries to think of all this.
For example, there has been a lot of talk about quota arrangements in management positions in recent years. And that's a good thing: women must be given a chance to penetrate areas that are typically occupied by men.
For example, labor disputes get much less attention from women who do poorly paid or not paid in jobs, for example as a cleaner. Cleaners are mostly women. Often these are women who don't have much money. These people have fewer opportunities to turn to politicians, listen to journalists, or organize themselves.
3. Feminist concerns can contradict each other:
Sometimes feminist concerns even seem to contradict each other. There is a lot of discussions, for example, about wearing a hijab (headscarf for Muslim women). In many countries, feminists are committed to allowing women to freely practice their religion. For some, this includes wearing a hijab. However, this is prohibited in some contexts: For example, in many schools, teachers are not allowed to wear hijab.
On the other hand, there are feminist movements that argue against wearing a hijab. They say that women urge women to disguise themselves. Some criticize religions in general because they would suppress people, especially women.
4. Is feminism also for men?
And where are the men? Well, right in the middle! Feminism also wants men to be freed and expanded. For example, men should:
- Allowed to cry
- May show feelings
- Being allowed to put on make-up or wear a skirt without being considered "male" or "gay"
- To be gay without being marginalized
- Don't have to experience violence
- Feel less pressure to be able to do everything and to assume all responsibility
All of this is often not easy or not possible due to the gender roles in our society. But it is also about an attitude and that everyone is committed to equality. This also means that men have to share more but also have more opportunities.
5. It's all about:
Feminists fight on very different levels and focus on different topics, but it is basically a matter of uniting and fighting together against unequal treatment, coercion, and exploitation!